• this is called the principle of utility.
  • By the Principle of Utility, is a moral issue.
  • Bentham’s Principles of Morals and Legislation: …

Utilitarianism is generally considered a moral theory that was found by Jeremey Bentham, a 19th century English philosopher and a social reformer....

pleasure changes for each person, and this may cause pain.

Jeremy Bentham’s account for utilitarianism focused on pleasure.

The name most frequently associated with Utilitarianism is that of Jeremy Bentham.
What is indubitably obvious from this is Bentham's unmistakable declaration of theprinciple of hedonism. Now Bentham defines the principle of utility as an explicithedonist:

Summary: Bentham’s Utilitarianism – Rutherford on …


He states that “As to ethics in general, a man’s happiness will depend, in the first place, upon such parts of his behavior as none but himself are interested in ; in the next place, upon such parts of it as may affect the happiness of those about him” (Bentham pg.

 

Bentham's Utility Principle on the R v Dudley and …


Of an action that is conformable to the principle of utility one may also say eitherthat it is one that ought to be done, or at least that it is not one that it ought not tobe done. One may also say that it is right it should be done, at least that it is notwrong that it should not be done. When thus interpreted, such words as ought, and rightand wrong, and others of that stamp, have a meaning: when used otherwise, they have none.


Bentham believes that we need to create a society in which there is a balance of both self and other regarding behavior, in order to create a society that maximizes happiness while minimizing pain....


Bentham's Utility Principle on the R v Dudley ..

Strange as it may sound, Bentham hoped that ethics would become as exact and precise ascience as physics and mathematics. In order to actualize such a vision, Benthamendeavored to describe his thought in such plain terms to propound the greatest happinessprinciple for the greatest number of people as the criterion for choosing a moral decisionas well as certain legislation. Bentham writes at the beginning of his Introduction to ThePrinciples for Morals and Legislation:

Bentham's An Introduction to the Principles of Morals …

To take an exact account, then, of the general tendency of any act, sum up all thevalues of all the pleasures on the one side, and then of all the pains on the other. Thebalance, if it bears on the side of pleasure, will give the good tendency of the act, ifon the side of pain, if bad tendency....

Bentham’s An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation

This approach proposed by Bentham clearly indicates the possibility of pleasure and itsamount exactly quantifiable. Thus, because of its emphasis on duration and purity,Bentham's hedonism is closer to Epicurianism than Cyreniacs.

Jeremy Bentham’s An Introduction to the Principles of ..

The greatest difference between early hedonism and this Utilitarianism lies in the factthat Bentham positively considered the extent, the number of people who are affected bysuch a pleasure. Thus the great amount of pleasure is also to be for the greatest numberof people. It is important to point out here that Bentham universalizing hedonism is notaltruistic at all, but rather collective egoism. This distinction has been overlooked bymany moral philosophers.

Benthams Utilitarianism by jake robins on Prezi

Having realized that books and paintings would not reform society"automatically" to a better one, Bentham, his friends and associates formed apolitical party called "Philosophical Radicals." Despite its strange name, theparty elected a number of capable spokespersons for their programs to Parliament. Thissuccess was supposed to be not attributed to the able politicians elected from the party,but rather due to the clear, evident vision for such a reform advanced by Bentham and hiscomrades. Later, with such an unpopular name for the political party, John Stuart Millproposed calling themselves "Utilitarians" and the principle for such political,legislative reform was called "Utilitarianism."