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Odysseus is truly a heroic figure because he demonstrates courage, improves his character, and wins the support of the gods.

In The Odyssey by Homer, Odysseus makes a journey to become a hero.

Odysseus in The Odyssey: Hero or Not? Essay - …

Odysseus is a hero because he acts courageously while facing the many challenges he encounters....
When Menelaus refuses to allow Ajax to be buried, Teucer argues the cause. He points out that his brother came as a king and brought his own men to Troy. Menelaus may be the King of Sparta, but he had no right to direct the affairs of the dead man. Of course, this is a flawed argument because the Atreidae did direct everything for ten years and it was also attempts on their lives that caused Ajax to kill himself. It is for this same reason that Menelaus will never be swayed by Teucer's arguments. Menelaus may have known the archer, but he was never in any direct command of him. The person to persuade him is someone he knows well, trusts, and respects. That is why it is Odysseus' arguments that win over the Atreidae. The skilled speech maker is now using his abilities to win burial for a man who deserves to be buried. R.P. Winnington-Ingram says that Odysseus "certainly [belongs] to a world which reasons and argues," but why does Odysseus fight this battle? Why does he risk the friendship of Agamemnon and Menelaus?

Essay: Is Odysseus a fatally flawed hero? | Tom does …


Odysseus shows great sincerity when, instead of gloating with Athena over these events, he sees them as a tragedy -- the tragedy of a fallen Greek warrior and hero, who can never live down this disgrace. He realizes that if Ajax can lose so much stature, anyone can. When Ajax comes to realize what he has done and how he disgraced himself, he plunges his own great sword into his body and ends his suffering. When a great man falls from grace, it is always a long drop down and many people suffer. Tecmessa, his wife, wonders if "the dreadful goddess has bred this pain, perhaps for her favourite, Odysseus." Ajax may have fallen in cow dung during Patroklos' funeral games, but there was never an indication that he and Odysseus were arch-enemies. Ajax, just like Achilles, felt he was slighted when he did not receive the prize of the arms. Ajax could have accepted the decision like the noble man he was and kept quiet; he could have acted like he did when he saw Odysseus in Hades, but he did not.

 

Odysseus | Epic Heroism for the 21st Century: a …


Although Odysseus's cowardice is evidence enough to avoid calling him a hero, another reason why Odysseus should not be considered a hero is his lack of respect for his men.


Sophocles presents two rather different portrayals of Odysseus in his tragedies and . is the earlier of the two and casts a more favourable light on him. In the opening scene, Odysseus is with his familiar friend Athena. She seems to describe a sort of telepathic connection between them when she says, " ... I felt your need and came on the path to guard and help you in your chase." They are presented as close in a spiritual way. Ajax has gone mad with the help of Athena and has killed the Greek flocks thinking they were actually his comrades. Ajax had attempted to murder Odysseus since he was awarded the arms of Achilles instead of him, but Athena protected him. Odysseus shows his usual practicality and desire to survive when he shrinks from her suggestion that he go into the tent of Ajax to see how crazy he has become. Odysseus realizes that Ajax is his enemy and that he would be in great danger if seen by him. Ajax feels wronged by his comrades and has specifically blamed the man whom he sees as responsible for the slight against his honour. Ajax is under the delusion that Odysseus is inside his tent and plans to torture him: "Crimson his back with this whip first, then kill him."


The Odyssey Character Analysis - Course Hero

Book 5 is the first book in The Odyssey where we are introduced to our hero, Odysseus, although we have already formed some opinions of him through the Telemachi.

The Odyssey Heroic Journey Storyboard by rebeccaray

Odysseus knows that Ajax was a brave man and says so. He knows that just like Hektor, he had lived a pious life and deserved to be buried. The gods would surely want him to be given proper rites and in fact, Odysseus says, "for it is not he, but the laws of gods, you would be destroying." R.P. Winnington-Ingram states that "it is not ... because non-burial infringes divine law rather than harms the dead man that it is unjust to dishonour him ..." But Odysseus slips in a reference to divine law, hoping that it will help the cause. He knows what a valuable man Ajax was to the Greeks, especially when Achilles was angry and refused to fight. Some writers portray Odysseus as risking his life when he opposed the Atreidae in this matter, but he never showed any subservience to them in the . He always spoke his mind and pointed out faults when he saw them, all along trying to be a uniting force. He was not risking his friendship or loss of prestige because their relationship had gone past that sort of tallying, and Odysseus was seen as their equal by the time of the action.

Free Essays on Odysseus - An Epic Hero?

Pindar must have felt quite strongly about this because he writes of it again in 4 where he refers to Odysseus' famous traits of trickery and lying, saying they were used to win Achilles' armor. He contrasts this "hatcher of schemes" with the solid Ajax who was so "proud of heart" that he no longer wanted to live. Certainly, Homer also portrayed Ajax in a favourable light in the , and in the presents him as the quiet, stalwart hero who is still so hurt by the incident that he does not want to talk of it, even in death. Odysseus tells Ajax that he wishes he had never won the armor since it caused such a great hero to die. Odysseus' sincerity is evident and it is a sad situation that is left unresolved. Compassion for this fallen hero was an element that Sophocles would later deal with in With the coming of the fifth century BC, there seems to be a negative shift in the portrayal of Odysseus.