• and the Civil Rights Movement, Vol 9), by David J.
  • Civil Rights Atlanta from end of WWII to 1980.
  • The Civil Rights Movement in Alabama.

A new resources for teaching about the Civil Rights Movement available on Teaching for Change's website: .

History of Civil Rights Movement from slavery to death of Dr.

Primary source material on Civil Rights and Anti-War movements.

Biography of Coretta Scott King and her participation in Civil Rights Movement.
A personal memoir by Molly Lynn Watt on race in America against the backdrop of racial turbulence of 1963 and the Civil Rights Movement in Tennessee told in a book of poems.

Overview, history, and background of the civil rights movement.

History of the struggle from slavery times to the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.
President Lyndon Johnson issued Executive Order 11246 to enforce affirmative action for the first time because he believed asserting civil rights laws were not enough to remedy discrimination. It required government contractors to "take affirmative action" toward prospective minority employees in all aspects of hiring and employment. This represented the first time "affirmative action" entered the federal contracting lexicon and sought to ensure equality of employment. (Presidential Executive Order 11375 extends this language to include women on October 13, 1968.)


On the wider impact of the civil rights on values and society.

Extensive collection of primary and secondary documents of the American Civil Rights movement.
14. Some historians suggest that Eisenhower was unhappy with the Brown decision. See, for example, David A. Nichols, A Matter of Justice: Eisenhower and the Beginning of the Civil Rights Revolution (New York, 2007), 109-110.

First-hand account of desegregation and civil rights in Anniston, Alabama.
In December 1958, Rabbi Isadore Goodman of Memphis traveled up to Indianapolis to help celebrate the dedication of a new Orthodox synagogue building. In his remarks, the Southern rabbi spoke about Orthodox Jewry’s role in the raging Civil Rights Movement. His recommendation: they should not participate. Jews, Rabbi Goodman explained, “become more vulnerable when they dissipate their strength in other movements.”1 Rabbi Goodman recognized the weight of his words, especially coming from a Southern clergyman. He therefore stressed that he was not a racist and sympathized with “equalitarian movements.” Rabbi Goodman just did not believe that Orthodox Judaism was in a position to help.

Moore, America's First Civil Rights Martyr, by Ben Green.

Sephira Bailey Shuttlesworth, a former teacher and elementary school principal of 23 years, was born in Jackson, Tennessee. In 2006, she married Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth, who played a strategic role in the civil rights movement alongside Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Mrs. Shuttlesworth shares insider information about the role, strategies and motives used by her late husband in the Birmingham while also taking a look at current challenges towards eliminating chaos and building community. She is a Union alumna and now serves as the leader of Mid-Michigan Leadership Academy in Lansing, MI.

Board of Education and the Civil Rights Movement, by Michael J.

Rabbinic elites were not the only ones who got involved. The National Council of Young Israel and the Orthodox Union passed resolutions that sought to mobilize their Orthodox constituencies. In the wake of race riots throughout the South, OU President Moses Feuerstein worked together with the American Jewish Congress in 1958 to pressure President Dwight Eisenhower to convene a conference that would “stress upon the uncommitted peoples of this globe the freedom, the equality and tolerance prevailing in the United States of America.”5 Some years later, the OU established a special committee to enable Orthodox Jews to better partner with African-American civil rights advocates.6

Story of a White Southerner Coming of Age during the Civil Rights .

In April 1960, Yeshiva students traveled to Greensboro, North Carolina, to stand with other protestors against racial bigotry. They saw their mission in religious terms: “As Jews we have a moral and religious duty to uphold the rights of our fellow man,” the students preached. “As Jews we must be in the vanguard of any movement which seeks to break the bars of discrimination.”8

Board of Education to Stall Civil Rights, by Anders Walker.

Rabbi Emanuel Rackman, who served as vice president of YU and president of the RCA and held pulpit positions at distinguished New York congregations, was a key figure in getting the Orthodox community involved in the Civil Rights Movement. Photo: Yeshiva University Archives, Public Relations Records