• one of the main roles of women, ..
  • WOMEN IN THE ANCIENT WORLD - Official Site
  • Women in Traditional China | Asia Society

Kids learn about the roles of women in Ancient Egypt including education, marriage, priestesses, rulers, under the law, fun facts, and typical jobs.

The social life of women in ancient Greece often mirrored the ..

An overview of women's roles in Chinese society over time.

and when considering the role of women in ancient Greece one should remember that ..
Chodorow thinks that these gender differences should and can bechanged. Feminine and masculine personalities play a crucial role inwomen's oppression since they make females overly attentive to theneeds of others and males emotionally deficient. In order to correctthe situation, both male and female parents should be equally involvedin parenting (Chodorow 1995, 214). This would help in ensuring thatchildren develop sufficiently individuated senses of selves withoutbecoming overly detached, which in turn helps to eradicate commongender stereotypical behaviours.

Role of Women in Ancient China | Rise of Civilization

Roles of Men, Woman and Children - Ancient China
It was very important to be a citizen of Athens, especially after the democratic reforms of the sixth century BC. Being a citizen entitled a person to own land, and at the age of thirty, to hold political office. Citizens could also speak in the and they voted on all affairs of the state. Men were the citizens of democratic Athens and all women were excluded. This exclusion meant that women had no political rights; it meant that they could not own land, which constituted power in the ancient world; and that they could never hold political office. Roger Just makes a very interesting point in : life was worse for women in democratic Athens than in other periods of the city's history because:

 

Essay about Gender Roles in Ancient Greek Society | …

Confucius taught that women's roles were to look after the men in their families.
Reproduction, then, is an objective basis for distinguishingindividuals that takes on a cultural dimension in that it positionswomen and men differently: depending on the kind of body one has,one's lived experience will differ. And this fosters the constructionof gendered social identities: one's role in reproduction helpsconfigure how one is socially positioned and this conditions thedevelopment of specifically gendered social identities.


The thought is that those standardly classified asbiologically female, although they may not actually be able toreproduce, will encounter “a different set of practices,expectations, and feelings in regard to reproduction” than thosestandardly classified as male (Alcoff 2006, 172). Further, thisdifferential relation to the possibility of reproduction is used asthe basis for many cultural and social phenomena that position womenand men: it can be


This page discusses the role of women in traditional ..

Linda Alcoff holds that feminism faces an identity crisis: thecategory of women is feminism's starting point, but various critiquesabout gender have fragmented the category and it is not clear howfeminists should understand what it is to be a woman (2006, chapter5). In response, Alcoff develops an account of gender aspositionality whereby “gender is, among other things, aposition one occupies and from which one can act politically”(2006, 148). In particular, she takes one's social position to fosterthe development of specifically gendered identities (orself-conceptions): “The very subjectivity (or subjectiveexperience of being a woman) and the very identity of women areconstituted by women's position” (Alcoff 2006, 148). Alcoffholds that there is an objective basis for distinguishing individualson the grounds of (actual or expected) reproductive roles:

Ancient Athenian Women of the Classical Period - …

Gender is not just a social role that unifies social individuals. Witttakes it to be the social role — as she puts it, itis the mega social role that unifies social agents. First,gender is a mega social role if it satisfies two conditions (and Wittclaims that it does): (1) if it provides the principle of synchronicand diachronic unity of social individuals, and (2) if it inflects anddefines a broad range of other social roles. Gender satisfies thefirst in usually being a life-long social position: a socialindividual persists just as long as their gendered social positionpersists. Further, Witt maintains, trans people are notcounterexamples to this claim: transitioning entails that the oldsocial individual has ceased to exist and a new one has come intobeing. And this is consistent with the same person persisting andundergoing social individual change via transitioning. Gendersatisfies the second condition too. It inflects other social roles,like being a parent or a professional. The expectations attached tothese social roles differ depending on the agent's gender, sincegender imposes different social norms to govern the execution of thefurther social roles. Now, gender — as opposed to some othersocial category, like race — is not just a mega social role; itis the unifying mega social role. Cross-cultural and trans-historicalconsiderations support this view. Witt claims that patriarchy is asocial universal (2011a, 98). By contrast, racial categorisationvaries historically and cross-culturally, and racial oppression is nota universal feature of human cultures. Thus, gender has a better claimto being the social role that is uniessential to socialindividuals. This account of gender essentialism not only explainssocial agents' connectedness to their gender, but it also provides ahelpful way to conceive of women's agency — something that iscentral to feminist politics.

Women in the ancient Greek world had few ..

By ‘normative unity’, Witt means the following: given oursocial roles and social position occupancies, we are responsive tovarious sets of social norms. These norms are “complex patternsof behaviour and practices that constitute what one ought to do in asituation given one's social position(s) and one's socialcontext” (Witt 2011a, 82). The sets of norms can conflict: thenorms of motherhood can (and do) conflict with the norms of being anacademic philosopher. However, in order for this conflict to exist,the norms must be binding on a single socialindividual. Witt, then, asks: what explains the existence and unity ofthe social individual who is subject to conflicting social norms? Theanswer is gender.